BibTex format

author = {Mesa, D and Cole, K and van, Heerden MR and Brito-Parada, PR},
doi = {10.1016/j.seppur.2021.119316},
journal = {Separation and Purification Technology},
pages = {1--19},
title = {Hydrodynamic characterisation of flotation impeller designs using Positron Emission Particle Tracking (PEPT)},
url = {},
volume = {276},
year = {2021}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - Impellers play a key role in flotation cells, as the turbulence generated through agitation aids particle suspension, air dispersion and particle–bubble collision. Therefore, it is important to understand the effect that different impeller designs have on flotation hydrodynamics, as small variations could enhance flotation performance. The study of flotation hydrodynamics is, however, a complex task due to the nature of flotation systems, which are opaque, multiphase, and polydisperse. In this paper, the impact of impeller design modifications on the hydrodynamics of a flotation cell was quantified for the first time in a three-phase system. Two different impeller designs, with and without a stator, were assessed using positron emission particle tracking (PEPT), a technique that allows the position and velocity of radioactive particle tracers within an opaque vessel to be determined. A novel PEPT data analysis strategy, as well as a statistical analysis on the basis of the Jensen–Shannon distance, were used. This statistical analysis, applied for the first time to PEPT data, facilitated the comparison of the different designs, by generating a robust quantification of their hydrodynamic differences. The experimental results showed that the stator significantly modified the hydrodynamics within the flotation cell, distorting the lower mixing loop that is characteristic of radial impellers. The use of a stator also resulted in the reduction of particle velocity and swirling outside of the impeller–stator region, both at the level of the impeller and, notably, at the pulp–froth interface. These findings have important implications for impeller–stator design, evidencing that the impeller has a direct effect on the hydrodynamics of the pulp and froth.
AU - Mesa,D
AU - Cole,K
AU - van,Heerden MR
AU - Brito-Parada,PR
DO - 10.1016/j.seppur.2021.119316
EP - 19
PY - 2021///
SN - 0950-4214
SP - 1
TI - Hydrodynamic characterisation of flotation impeller designs using Positron Emission Particle Tracking (PEPT)
T2 - Separation and Purification Technology
UR -
UR -
UR -
UR -
VL - 276
ER -