BibTex format

author = {Sims, MR and Cullen, DC and Rix, CS and Buckley, A and Derveni, M and Evans, D and Garcia-Con, LM and Miguel, García-Con L and Rhodes, A and Rato, CC and Stefinovic, M and Sephton, MA and Court, RW and Bulloch, C and Kitchingman, I and Ali, Z and Pullan, D and Holt, J and Blake, O and Sykes, J and Samara-Ratna, P and Canali, M and Borst, G and Leeuwis, H and Prak, A and Norfini, A and Geraci, E and Tavanti, M and Brucato, N and Holm, N},
doi = {10.1016/j.pss.2012.04.007},
journal = {Planetary and Space Science},
title = {Development Status of the Life Marker Chip Instrument for ExoMars},
url = {},
year = {2012}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - The Life Marker Chip (LMC) is one of the instruments being developed for possible flight on the 2018 ExoMars mission. The instrument uses solvents to extract organic compounds from samples of martian regolith and to transfer the extracts to dedicated detectors based around the use of antibodies. The scientific aims of the instrument are to detect organics in the form of biomarkers that might be associated with extinct life, extant life or abiotic sources of organics. The instrument relies on a novel surfactant-based solvent system and bespoke, commercial and research-developed antibodies against a number of distinct biomarkers or molecular types. The LMC comprises a number of subsystems designed to accept up to four discrete samples of martian regolith or crushed rock, implement the solvent extraction, perform microfluidic-based multiplexed antibody-assays for biomarkers and other targets, optically detect the fluorescent output of the assays, control the internal instrument pressure and temperature, in addition to the associated instrument control electronics and software. The principle of operation, the design and the instrument development status as of December 2011 are reported here. The instrument principle can be extended to other configurations and missions as needed.
AU - Sims,MR
AU - Cullen,DC
AU - Rix,CS
AU - Buckley,A
AU - Derveni,M
AU - Evans,D
AU - Garcia-Con,LM
AU - Miguel,García-Con L
AU - Rhodes,A
AU - Rato,CC
AU - Stefinovic,M
AU - Sephton,MA
AU - Court,RW
AU - Bulloch,C
AU - Kitchingman,I
AU - Ali,Z
AU - Pullan,D
AU - Holt,J
AU - Blake,O
AU - Sykes,J
AU - Samara-Ratna,P
AU - Canali,M
AU - Borst,G
AU - Leeuwis,H
AU - Prak,A
AU - Norfini,A
AU - Geraci,E
AU - Tavanti,M
AU - Brucato,N
AU - Holm,N
DO - 10.1016/j.pss.2012.04.007
PY - 2012///
SN - 0032-0633
TI - Development Status of the Life Marker Chip Instrument for ExoMars
T2 - Planetary and Space Science
UR -
ER -