BibTex format

author = {Tomaszewska, A and Chu, Z and Feng, X and O'Kane, S and Liu, X and Chen, J and Ji, C and Endler, E and Li, R and Liu, L and Li, Y and Zheng, S and Vetterlein, S and Gao, M and Du, J and Parkes, M and Ouyang, M and Marinescu, M and Offer, G and Wu, B},
doi = {10.1016/j.etran.2019.100011},
journal = {eTransportation},
pages = {1--28},
title = {Lithium-ion battery fast charging: A review},
url = {},
volume = {1},
year = {2019}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - In the recent years, lithium-ion batteries have become the battery technology of choice for portable devices, electric vehicles and grid storage. While increasing numbers of car manufacturers are introducing electrified models into their offering, range anxiety and the length of time required to recharge the batteries are still a common concern. The high currents needed to accelerate the charging process have been known to reduce energy efficiency and cause accelerated capacity and power fade. Fast charging is a multiscale problem, therefore insights from atomic to system level are required to understand and improve fast charging performance. The present paper reviews the literature on the physical phenomena that limit battery charging speeds, the degradation mechanisms that commonly result from charging at high currents, and the approaches that have been proposed to address these issues. Special attention is paid to low temperature charging. Alternative fast charging protocols are presented and critically assessed. Safety implications are explored, including the potential influence of fast charging on thermal runaway characteristics. Finally, knowledge gaps are identified and recommendations are made for the direction of future research. The need to develop reliable in operando methods to detect lithium plating and mechanical degradation is highlighted. Robust model-based charging optimisation strategies are identified as key to enabling fast charging in all conditions. Thermal management strategies to both cool batteries during charging and preheat them in cold weather are acknowledged as critical, with a particular focus on techniques capable of achieving high speeds and good temperature homogeneities.
AU - Tomaszewska,A
AU - Chu,Z
AU - Feng,X
AU - O'Kane,S
AU - Liu,X
AU - Chen,J
AU - Ji,C
AU - Endler,E
AU - Li,R
AU - Liu,L
AU - Li,Y
AU - Zheng,S
AU - Vetterlein,S
AU - Gao,M
AU - Du,J
AU - Parkes,M
AU - Ouyang,M
AU - Marinescu,M
AU - Offer,G
AU - Wu,B
DO - 10.1016/j.etran.2019.100011
EP - 28
PY - 2019///
SN - 2590-1168
SP - 1
TI - Lithium-ion battery fast charging: A review
T2 - eTransportation
UR -
UR -
UR -
VL - 1
ER -