Use the links below to access our reports, or scroll down to use the search function to explore all of our publications including peer-reviewed papers and briefing papers.

Browse all publications


BibTex format

author = {Iqbal, F and Lam, K and Joshi, M and Khan, S and Ashrafian, H and Darzi, A},
doi = {10.1038/s41746-020-00378-0},
journal = {npj Digital Medicine},
pages = {1--12},
title = {Clinical outcomes of digital sensor alerting systems in remote monitoring: a systematic review and meta-analysis},
url = {},
volume = {4},
year = {2021}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - Advances in digital technologies have allowed remote monitoring and digital alerting systems to gain popularity. Despite this, limited evidence exists to substantiate claims that digital alerting can improve clinical outcomes. The aim of this study was to appraise the evidence on the clinical outcomes of digital alerting systems in remote monitoring through a systematic review and meta-analysis. A systematic literature search, with no language restrictions, was performed to identify studies evaluating healthcare outcomes of digital sensor alerting systems used in remote monitoring across all (medical and surgical) cohorts. The primary outcome was hospitalisation; secondary outcomes included hospital length of stay (LOS), mortality, emergency department and outpatient visits. Standard, pooled hazard ratio and proportion of means meta-analyses were performed. A total of 33 studies met the eligibility criteria; of which, 23 allowed for a meta-analysis. A 9.6% mean decrease in hospitalisation favouring digital alerting systems from a pooled random effects analysis was noted. However, pooled weighted mean differences and hazard ratios did not reproduce this finding. Digital alerting reduced hospital LOS by a mean difference of 1.043 days. A 3% mean decrease in all-cause mortality from digital alerting systems was noted. There was no benefit of digital alerting with respect to emergency department or outpatient visits. Digital alerts can considerably reduce hospitalisation and length of stay for certain cohorts in remote monitoring. Further research is required to confirm these findings and trial different alerting protocols to understand optimal alerting to guide future widespread implementation.
AU - Iqbal,F
AU - Lam,K
AU - Joshi,M
AU - Khan,S
AU - Ashrafian,H
AU - Darzi,A
DO - 10.1038/s41746-020-00378-0
EP - 12
PY - 2021///
SN - 2398-6352
SP - 1
TI - Clinical outcomes of digital sensor alerting systems in remote monitoring: a systematic review and meta-analysis
T2 - npj Digital Medicine
UR -
UR -
UR -
VL - 4
ER -