BibTex format

author = {Mawhood, RK and Gazis, E and de, Jong S and Hoefnagels, R and Slade, R},
doi = {10.1002/bbb.1644},
journal = {Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining},
pages = {462--484},
title = {Production pathways for renewable jet fuel: a review of commercialisation status and future prospects},
url = {},
volume = {10},
year = {2016}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - Aviation is responsible for an increasing share of anthropogenic CO2 emissions.Decarbonisation to 2050 is expected to rely on renewable jet fuel (RJF) derived frombiomass, but this represents a radical departure from the existing regime of petroleumbasedfuels. Increased market deployment will require significant cost reductions, alongsideadaptation of existing supply chains and infrastructure.This article maps development and manufacturing efforts for six RJF production pathwaysexpected to reach commercialisation in the next 5-10 years. A Rapid Evidence Assessmentwas conducted to evaluate the technological and commercial maturity of each pathway andprogress towards international certification, using the Commercial Aviation Alternative FuelsInitiative’s Fuel Readiness Level (FRL) framework. Planned and operational facilities havebeen catalogued alongside partnerships with the aviation industry. Policy and economicfactors likely to affect future development and deployment are considered.Hydroprocessed Esters and Fatty Acids (FRL 9) is the most developed pathway. It is ASTMcertified, has fuelled the majority of RJF flights to date, and is produced at threecommercial-scale facilities. Fischer-Tropsch derived fuels are moving towards the start-up offirst commercial facilities (FRL 7-8), although widespread deployment seems unlikely undercurrent market conditions. The Direct Sugars to Hydrocarbons conversion pathway (FRL 5-7)is being championed by Amyris and Total in Brazil, but has yet to be demonstrated at scale.Other pathways are in the demonstration and pilot phases (FRL 4-6).Despite growing interest in RJF, demand and production volumes remain negligible.Development of supportive policy is likely to be critical to future deployment.
AU - Mawhood,RK
AU - Gazis,E
AU - de,Jong S
AU - Hoefnagels,R
AU - Slade,R
DO - 10.1002/bbb.1644
EP - 484
PY - 2016///
SN - 1932-1031
SP - 462
TI - Production pathways for renewable jet fuel: a review of commercialisation status and future prospects
T2 - Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining
UR -
UR -
UR -
VL - 10
ER -