Venus Express was the first ESA mission to visit Earth's nearest planetary neighbour.
Current status: Mission ended (deorbited) December 2014
EnVision is a proposed mission to determine the nature and current state of geological activity on Venus, and its relationship with the atmosphere, to understand how Venus and Earth could have evolved so differently.
Current status: Proposed for a 2032 launch
Imperial’s involvement: Imperial's Lead Proposer on EnVision is Dr Richard Ghail.